‘Can Western unity survive the new multipolar world?’ Al-Majalla  20 May 2023

‘Charles III’s Commonwealth stands on shaky ground.’ Al-Majalla 19 May 2023

‘How Yemen war provided unexpected boost to Eritrea and Somaliland.’ Middle East Eye 27 April 2023

‘Saudi-Iran detente opens doors for Assad.’ Harmoun 26 April 2023

‘Is gun violence diminishing America’s global appeal?’ Al-Majalla 26 April 2023

‘Biden’s Northern Ireland intervention reveals a weakened West.’ Arab News 15 April 2023

‘Can Middle Eastern powers help stabilize the Horn of Africa?’ CNBC Africa 13 April 2023

‘Northern Ireland’s flawed but lasting peace.’ Al-Majalla 12 April 2023

‘How does London view Yousaf’s SNP election win?’ Al-Majalla 4 April 2023

‘Rojava faces an uncertain fate.’ Al-Majalla 28 March 2023

‘The Brexit arsonists now posing as firefighters.’ Middle East Eye 16 March 2023

‘Sunak achievements overshadowed by Lineker controversy.’ Al-Majalla 14 March 2023

‘Brexit: The grown-ups are back in charge’ Al-Majalla 3 March 2023

‘Is Britain a spent force in the Middle East?’ Al-Majalla 24 February 2023

‘Middle powers thrive in the post-Ukraine world order.’ Modern Diplomacy 15 February 2023

‘Will Turkey abandon Syria’s rebels?’ Arab News 3 February 2023

‘Turkey’s diplomacy drive: Is this ‘Zero Problems’ 2.0?’ Middle East Eye 3 February 2023

‘Why Rojava could face a slow death by a thousand cuts.’ Middle East Eye 9 December 2022

‘Post COP27 optimism – non-Western voices are growing.’ EUObserver 29 November 2022

‘Why an Assad advance on Idlib is unlikely.’ Harmoon 23 November 2022

‘New UK Prime Minister, same problems for the Conservatives and the country.’ Arab News12 November 2022

‘Truss’s ‘revolution’ will impress no one.’ Arab News 23 September 2022

‘King Charles III: Will a change in monarch weaken Britain globally?’ Middle East Eye 21 September 2022

‘Truss could make “Little Britain” even smaller globally.” Arab News 6 September 2022

‘”Global Britain” and its new blue passport is falling behind.’ Byline Times 24 August 2022

‘Why the West needs a radical rethink on Syria.’ Middle East Eye23 August 2022

‘Turkey’s growing ’empire’ in northern Syria.’ Arab News, 19 August 2022

‘Britain needs a foreign policy reset.’ Arab News 24 July 2022

‘Can the UAE buy its way to the world’s top table?’ Reaction Life 14 July 2022

‘The UK’s Middle East migrant shame.’ Arab News 18 June 2022

‘Northern Syria has become Erdogan’s punchbag.’ Middle East Eye 6 June 2022

‘The international system and the Syrian civil war.’ International Relations (May 2022)

‘Why peace between Turkey and Syria is a long way off.’ Middle East Eye 12 May 2022

‘The dangers of forgetting Syria’s refugees.’ Middle East Eye 4 May 2022

‘Syria: Between Conflict and Stability.’ CHARC In-Depth Briefing 3 May 2022

‘Russia-Ukraine war: Why Middle Eastern Leaders will not take a stand.’ Middle East Eye 1 April 2022

‘The West must get used to a more assertive Middle East.’ Arab News 31 March 2022

‘UAE: from Little Sparta to Little Switzerland.’ Reaction Life 10 March 2022

‘Russia-Ukraine war casts new shadow over Syria.’ Middle East Eye, 7 March 2022

‘Ukraine crisis underlines Brexit Britain’s marginalisation.’ Middle East Eye, 23 February 2022

‘Syria: Joining China’s Belt and Road will not bring in billions for Assad.’ Middle East Eye, 4 February 2022

‘Biden’s disinterest further limits UK’s Middle East role.’ Arab News, 21 January 2022

‘How Boris Johnson sabotaged the notion of ‘Global Britain” Middle East Eye, 24 December 2021

‘The UAE’s endgame in Syria might be simpler than you think.’ Middle East Eye2 December 2021

‘Will detente with Jordan bring Assad back into the Arab fold?’ Middle East Eye8 November 2021

‘Syria: Is withdrawal Biden’s next move?’ Middle East Eye, 23 September 2021

‘Global Britain fails to make its mark in the Middle East.’ Middle East Eye, 18 August 2021

‘Syria war: While other states jockey for influence, the EU pays.’ Middle East Eye21 July 2021

‘What’s “new” about “the New Middle East”?’ SEPAD, 16 June 2021

‘Syria: How do you solve a problem like Assad?’ Middle East Eye24 May 2021

‘Will the Arab League welcome back Assad?’ Middle East Eye, 15 March 2021

‘Russia is a broker, not a peacemaker between Israel and Syria,’ Middle East Eye, 2 March 2021

‘The Arab Spring’s Foreign Spoilers.’ Middle East Eye4 January 2021

‘Why Syria will be low on Biden’s list of foreign policy priorities.’ Middle East Eye, 12 November 2020

‘Armenia-Azerbaijan conflict: Why Turkey is outsourcing its wars.’ Middle East Eye12 October 2020

‘How the wars in Libya and Syria are strangely intertwined.’ Middle East Eye22 July 2020

‘Syria war: Could Washington’s ‘Caesar’ sanctions topple Assad?’ Middle East Eye, 22 June 2020

‘Why some Middle East autocrats are harder to oust than others,’ Middle East Eye, 22 May 2020

‘Coronavirus could further weaken US power in the Middle East,’ Middle East Eye21 April 2020

‘Rivalry Amid Systemic Change: Iranian and Saudi Competition in the post-American Middle East’ POMEPS 38: Sectarianism and International Relations, 27 March 2020

‘Syria war: the myth of western inaction in Idlib,’ Middle East Eye, 20 March 2020

‘Idlib Offensive: Turkey’s tradeoffs with Russia put it on the losing side,’ Middle East Eye, 19 February 2020

‘The Battle for Syria: International Rivalry in the New Middle East – a reply‘, Global Discourse: An interdisciplinary journal of current affairs, Volume 9, Number 4, November 2019, pp. 759-766(8)

‘The international and regional battle for Syria’ in R. Hinnebusch and A. Saouli (eds.), The War for Syria: Regional and International Dimensions of the Syrian Uprising (London: Routledge, 2019)

‘International actors in the Syrian conflict’ Orient 60: 2 (2019) pp.7-15

‘Structure, Agency and External Involvement in the Syria Conflict’, POMEPS 34: Shifting Global Politics and the Middle East, 18 March 2019

‘Bashar al-Assad’s international rehabilitation has begun’ Washington Post5 January 2019

‘Sectarianism as Plan B: Saudi-Iranian identity politics in the Syria Conflict’, in S. Mabon (ed.), Saudi Arabia and Iran: The Struggle to Shape the Middle East (London: Foreign Policy Centre, 2018).

‘Hezbollah: The real winner of the Syria war?’ Middle East Eye, 1 November 2018

‘Idlib’s fate looks more likely to be decided in Moscow than in Ankara’ Middle East Eye30 August 2018

‘The World Abetted Assad’s Victory in Syria’ The Atlantic, 4 August 2018

‘Will the south by Syria’s next battlefield?’ Middle East Eye, 19 June 2018

‘What is in a Name?’: The Role of (Different) Identities in the Multiple Proxy Wars in Syria’ Small Wars & Insurgencies Volume 29, Issue 3, 2018, pp.414-433 [With Morten Valbjorn]

‘Syria War: Trump’s chemical dilemma’ Middle East Eye13 April 2018

‘Assad and Putin are the real winners in Turkey’s Afrin operation’ Middle East Eye, 27 February 2018

‘Syria’s war is far from over’ Middle East Eye, 10 January 2018

‘Syria after IS’ Orient, Issue IV, September 2017 pp. 16-23.

‘Jordan’s Smart Syria Strategy’ Middle East Eye, 24 June 2017

‘Why is Syria a Complex Conflict?’ Imperial War Museum June 2017

‘Trump’s strike is more of the same in Syria’ Washington Post7 April 2017

‘Eyes Bigger than Stomachs: Turkey, Saudi Arabia and Qatar in Syria’ Middle East Policy, Volume 24, Issue 1, Spring 2017

‘Syria was never America’s to lose’ Middle East Eye, 6 January 2017

”Unknown unknowns’: What Trump means for Syria’ Middle East Eye, 9 November 2016

‘The Ever-Evolving Battle for Syria’ Yale Books Unbound 8 November 2016

‘Battle for Syria, Part Two: US Foreign Policy & the Syrian Conflict,’ Yale Books, 3 October 2016

‘Battle for Syria, Part One: The Impact of International Involvement’, Yale Books, 29 September 2016

‘Turkey’s Syria Intervention: a Sign of Weakness not Strength’, Newsweek, 22 September 2016

‘The US and Russia could help end the Syria Syria conflict. But are they hurting enough?’ Prospect26 August 2016

‘Britain must not escalate the conflict in Syria’ (with Tim Eaton), Prospect, 2 Dec 2015

‘Syria’s Refugees: When did the West become so heartless?’ LSE ‘Euro Crisis in the Press’ Blog, 20 Aug 2015

‘Gulf Actors and the Syria Crisis’, The new politics of intervention of Gulf Arab states. (2015) Middle East Centre, London School of Economics and Political Science, Collected Papers, Volume 1.

‘Sectarianism and conflict in Syria’, Third World Quarterly, Volume 36, Issue 2, 2015 [PDF]

‘Syria, 4 Years On: What is Left of Assad’s State is Eroding from Within’ Chatham House Expert Comment, 9 March 2015

‘Syria: the View From Moscow’ NewsweekMiddle East Eye , 9 December 2014

‘The Plight of Syria’s Refugees is Another Security Crisis in the Making’ Chatham House Expert Comment, 13 October 2014 (with Neil Quilliam)

‘Obama: Realistic or Rudderless on Syria?’ Middle East Eye, 16 August 2014

‘Understanding Syria’s Four Front War’, Middle East Eye, 5 August 2014

‘The Golan Heights: ripples of civil war in Israel’s little piece of Syria’, The World Today, 7 June 2014

‘Erdogan’s War’, Middle East Eye 4 June 2014

‘Resetting Western strategy towards Syria’ Chatham House Expert Comment / Huffington Post UK, 19 December 2013 (with Jane Kinninmont)

Western Policy Towards Syria: Ten Recommendations, Chatham House Policy Paper, December 2013 (Claire Spencer and Jane Kinninmont)

‘The Civil War in Syria: The Variety of Opposition to the Syrian Regime’ IE Med Yearbook 2013, August 2013

‘Flawed Logic in Decision to Lift Syria Arms Embargo’ Chatham House Expert Comment / Huffington Post UK , 28 May 2013

‘Into the Quagmire: Turkey’s Frustrated Syria Policy’, Chatham House Briefing Paper, December 2012

‘The impact of Syrian refugees on Turkey and Jordan’, The World Today, October 2012

‘Turkey’s Syria Problem’, Juncture / Open Democracy, 28th September 2012

‘Syria’s Torment’ Survival, August-September 2012

‘Freezing out Iran won’t solve the Syria crisis’ (with Julien Barnes-Dacey) for The European Council of Foreign Relations, 16th June 2012

‘Syria: what can the West do?’ LSE Middle East Centre Blog, 24th May 2012

‘Syria’s Bloody Arab Spring’ LSE IDEAS’ After the Arab Spring: Power Shift in the Middle East?, May 2012

Can the Syrian regime crush the uprising? Yes, suggests history‘The Guardian, 6th March 2012

‘Coup d’etat or revolution?’ 10 myths about the Arab Spring, The Majalla, 14th September 2011

‘Syria regime blunders towards self destruction’, CNN, 12th August 2011

‘Arabism After the Arab Spring’, The Ruritanian, Summer 2011

‘Obama and Cameron: the Expedient Relationship’ Aspenia Online 31 May 2011

‘Turkey and Syria’, Turkey’s Global Strategy, LSE IDEAS Special Report, May 2011

‘Hesitant They Stand’ al-Majalla 17 January 2011

‘Christianity’s place in the Middle East’ The Guardian 11 November 2010

‘Uphill battle: Ed Miliband’s challenges as Labour leader’ Aspenia Online 4 October 2010

‘Lebanon: Tony Blair’s other Middle East mistake’ The Guardian 9 September 2010

‘Syria and the west: another wasted decade’ The Guardian 25 July 2010

‘BP and the Special Relationship: Cooler but not on Ice’ Aspenia Online 1 July 2010

Turkey and Israel: the end of the Affair?’ Shifting Sands 11 June 2010

‘US hegemony in Middle East is ending’ The Guardian 31 May 2010

‘Britain Hanging in the Balance’ Aspenia Online 9 May 2010

‘Playing the Identity Card’ The Majalla 6 April 2010

‘Miliband’s grand Middle East delusion’ The Guardian 12 March 2010

‘Turkey: Reengagement with the Middle East?’ Shifting Sands 19 February 2010

‘Syria’s Assad: Pariah to Power-Broker,‘ The Guardian 17 February 2010

‘Autocracy-Lite in Jordan’ The Guardian 29 January 2010

‘Tough Love: The Paradox of Syrian-Iraqi InterdependenceThe Majalla 21 December 2009

Explosion Shakes Syrian Security’ The Guardian 3 December 2009

‘Netanyahu’s Syrian Distraction’ The Guardian 24 November 2009

‘Brussels buckles, Damascus deliberates’ The Guardian 25 October 2009

‘Who will come next? The future of the Muslim Brotherhood in Syria’ al-majalla 17 October 2009

‘Turkey, Syria’s new best friend’ The Guardian 1 October 2009

‘Syria: a good European neighbour?’ The Guardian 25 August 2009

‘Can Syria end the Arab Cold War?’ The Guardian 14 July 2009

‘The view of Tel Aviv from Damascus,’ al-majalla 11 June 2009

‘Will Netanyahu negotiate with Syria?’, al-majalla 25 May 2009

Cairo is the wrong choice for Obama’, The Guardian 12 May 09

Lebanon beyond sectarianism’, The Guardian 24 April 2009

Doomed youth?’, The Guardian 23 February 2009

Holding their fire’, The Guardian 18 January 2009

Syria at the crossroads’, The Guardian 27 November 2008

Israel’s multilateral option’, The Guardian 29 October 2008

Syria and the myth of stability’, The Guardian 30 September 2008

How Syria came in from the cold’, The Guardian 10 September 2008

Libya’s golden boy is no black sheep’, The Guardian 30 August 2008